What is a Title and a Title Company?

May 14, 2024

Navigating the real estate landscape involves numerous terms and processes that can often be overwhelming, especially for first-time buyers or sellers. Among these, understanding what a title and a title company are, and their roles in the property transaction process, is crucial.

What is a Title?

In real estate, the term “title” refers to the legal documentation that outlines the ownership rights to a property. When you purchase a home, acquiring the title means you have the legal right to own, use, and sell the property. The title also encompasses the history of the property’s ownership and any potential claims or liens against it.

The title is different from the physical deed. While the deed is a physical document that transfers ownership from one party to another, the title is a more abstract concept that represents the ownership rights.

Why is the Title Important?

The title is fundamental because it confirms your legal ownership of the property. Without a clear title, you could face significant legal issues. For example, if there are unresolved claims or liens on the property, you might end up in legal battles or even lose your rights to the property. Ensuring a clear title before purchasing is essential to protect your investment and avoid future disputes.

What is a Title Company?

A title company plays a crucial role in real estate transactions by ensuring the legitimacy of the property’s title. Here’s a closer look at their key functions:

One of the primary functions of a title company is to perform a title search. This involves examining public records to confirm the property’s legal ownership and identify any issues, such as unpaid taxes, mortgages, or other claims. The goal is to ensure that the seller has the right to transfer ownership and that the buyer will receive a clear title.

2. Title Insurance

Title companies also offer title insurance, which protects both buyers and lenders against potential problems with the title. There are two types of title insurance policies:

  • Owner’s Policy: Protects the buyer’s interests and investment in the property.
  • Lender’s Policy: Protects the lender’s financial interest in the property.

Title insurance provides coverage for issues that might arise after the purchase, such as undisclosed heirs, forged documents, or clerical errors in public records.

3. Closing Services

In addition to conducting title searches and providing title insurance, title companies often handle the closing process. This includes preparing and reviewing all necessary documents, facilitating the signing of paperwork, and ensuring that funds are properly disbursed. The title company acts as a neutral third party to ensure that the transaction is completed accurately and efficiently.

Why Do You Need a Title Company?

Engaging a reputable title company is crucial for several reasons:

  • Expertise: Title companies have the expertise to identify and resolve issues that might not be apparent to the average buyer or seller.
  • Peace of Mind: With a thorough title search and title insurance, you can proceed with your purchase with confidence, knowing that your investment is protected.
  • Efficiency: Title companies streamline the closing process, ensuring that all legal requirements are met and that the transaction is completed smoothly.


Understanding what a title and a title company are, and their roles in the real estate process, is essential for anyone involved in buying or selling property. The title represents your legal ownership rights, while the title company ensures that these rights are clear and protected. By performing thorough title searches, providing title insurance, and facilitating the closing process, title companies play a vital role in safeguarding your real estate investment.

When embarking on your next real estate transaction, make sure to engage a reliable title company to guide you through the complexities and provide the necessary protection for your property ownership journey.

Recent Instagram Posts

Happy National Ice Cream Day!!! 🍦 😋

One of my absolute favorite places to get ice cream is @saltandstraw in Lake Oswego! You must go and try Cinnamon Snickerdoodle it’s my main squeeze!

What`s your favorite place to get ice cream in Lake Oswego? Are you team Salt & Straw or Tillamook? ⬇

6 2


✨ NEW LISTING ✨ by RRG agent @jdreit!


4 bedrooms | 2.5 bathrooms | 3,189 square feet

-Updated gourmet kitchen
-Cozy family room
-Tranquil backyard retreat
-Large primary suite
-Boat parking available

Want to see more pictures and the floor plan? Check out the link in my bio or in stories!
Follow me @robbinsrealtygroup for the latest listings and real estate tips.
DM if you have any questions. 💚

13 2


Such a bright, happy house! 💛

$359,900 in SPRINGFIELD, OREGON listed by RRG agent @heatherallredjones.

3 bedrooms | 1 bathroom | 1,040 square feet

-Sought-after location
-Cozy ambiance
-Spacious covered deck

Want to see more pictures and the floor plan? Check out the link in my bio or in stories!

8 1

What can I say? Summer’s in Portland can’t be beat! 🎣 🚤 🎶 🚣🏻‍♂

What’s your favorite thing to do in Portland in the summer time?

21 1

🤩 New Listing Alert!
📍$859,900 on 2673 Carriage Way, WEST LINN.
5 bedrooms | 3 bathrooms | 3,392 square feet
-Abundant natural light pours in through expansive windows, complementing the open floor plan and vaulted ceilings.
-Charming details include beautiful planked wood ceilings, exposed beams, and brick accent walls.
-Updated kitchen with an eat-in island for casual dining.
-Primary suite with vaulted ceilings, an attached bathroom featuring a double vanity and jetted tub, and a large corner lot for outdoor activities.
Want to see more pictures and the floor plan? Check out our website! (Link in bio!)

Follow me @robbinsrealtygroup for the latest listings and real estate tips.

DM if you have any questions. 💚

14 1

✨The lovely central Oregon home is on the market! 😍

Here are the details:
📍14243 Whitewater Loop in La Pine is for sale and listed at $699,000.

3 bedrooms | 2.5 bathrooms | 2,556 sq. ft.

-Rustic retreat on a large lot with scenic pine views
-Charming interior with wood accents, vaulted ceilings, and a stone fireplace
-Two primary suites, one on the main floor, perfect for accessibility
-Private hot tub, fire pit, and workshop space for outdoor enjoyment

To learn more about this house, see more pictures, and view the floorplan visit our website!

16 1

👏🏻Duplex Investment Opportunity!👏🏻

✅ Duplex living unlocked! Live in one, rent the other!
✅ Modern, open floor plans in each unit. ✨ Plus, private backyards!
✅ One unit VACANT! Instant income potential.
✅ Perfect for multi-generational families too!

One unit features 3 bedrooms and 2 bathrooms, complete with stainless steel appliances in the kitchen and is currently vacant. The other unit offers comfortable living with 2 bedrooms and 1 bathroom.

Reach out today for more information!

7 0


Stay up to date on news and listings that are coming soon!